Rectocutaneous fistula with Fournier’s gangrene, a rare presentation of rectal cancer
- 1General Surgery Department, South Infirmary Victoria Hospital, Cork, Ireland
- 2Radiology Department, South Infirmary Victoria University Hospital, Cork, Ireland
- Correspondence to Dr Simon Rajendran,
73-year-old female presented with foul smelling discharge from the perianal area. Examination revealed cutaneous fistula, discharging faeculent material. CT showed a large rectal tumour with gross evasion of the perianal tissues, with extension into vagina and subcutaneous tissue bilaterally and a large volume of air in tissues (figure 1). Laparotomy demonstrated rectal tumour, Fournier’s grangrene with abscess cavities on both sides, disruption of the lower end of the rectum and a fistulating tract into the vagina (figure 2). Colostomy and extensive debridement of necrotic material was performed. Further, debridement and delayed primary closure were carried out, after which she commenced radiotherapy.
Colocutaneous fistulae can result from diverticulitis, Crohn’disease, appendicitis, pancreatitis, radiation therapy and malignancy, while the surgical treatment of these conditions account for the majority of cases.1 Fistulae from malignancy are rarely seen today because most colon cancers are diagnosed and treated at an earlier stage. Investigations include enema studies or CT. Management involves proximal diversion and treatment of pathology. Fournier’s gangrene is a necrotising fasciitis, involving the perineum and genital organs.2 It was described by Baurienne in 1764 and formally named by Fournier in 1883. The infection is usually polymicrobial and synergistic. Risk factors include diabetes, alcohol abuse and immunosuppression. Diagnosis is clinical, but radiological investigations may be helpful. CT outlines the extent and source of infection. Treatment consists of antibiotics and aggressive surgical debridement of all necrotic tissue.2 3 Urinary or faecal diversion might be required to prevent contamination or to treat an underlying condition.
Female Surgical ward and theatre, South Infirmary Victoria Hospital