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BMJ Case Reports 2011; doi:10.1136/bcr.03.2011.4017
  • Reminder of important clinical lesson

Hydrocarbon pneumonitis masquerading as acute lung injury

  1. Niteen D Karnik3
  1. 1Department of Internal Medicine, Lokmanya Tilak Municipal Medical College & General Hospital, Mumbai, India
  2. 2Department of Medicine, Lokmanya Tilak Municipal Medical College & General Hospital, Mumbai, India
  3. 3Department of Medicine, Seth G. S. Medical College & K.E.M. Hospital, Mumbai, India
  1. Correspondence to Dr Makardhwaj Sarvadaman Shrivastava, makar_in{at}rediffmail.com

Summary

Hydrocarbon pneumonitis is an acute, intense pneumonitis resulting from aspiration/inhalation of volatile hydrocarbon compounds with low viscosity and surface tension. The authors describe the case of a 24-year-old male who aspirated diesel while siphoning it from heavy duty crane, developed bilateral pneumonitis and responded to 2-day therapy with non-invasive continuous positive airway pressure ventilation.

Footnotes

  • Competing interests None.

  • Patient consent Obtained.

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